The operculum is a bony flap covering the gills in bony fishes. … It is not found in cartilage fishes. Whereas scales, gill slits and pelvic fins are found in both the fishes, bony and cartilaginous. Thus, the correct answer is option A.
Which is absent in cartilaginous fishes?
Difference Between Bony Fish and Cartilaginous Fish
|Bony Fish||Cartilaginous Fish|
|Cloacal aperture is absent.||Cloacal aperture is present.|
|Exoskeleton is made up of cycloid scales.||Exoskeleton is made up of Placoid scale.|
|They are ovoviviparous or viviparous.||They are viviparous.|
|Liver is trilobed.||Liver is bilobed.|
What are cartilaginous fish made of?
Cartilaginous fish are fish that have a skeleton made of cartilage, rather than bone. All sharks, skates, and rays (e.g., the southern stingray) are cartilaginous fish. These fish all fall into the group of fish called the elasmobranchs.
What are the major differences between cartilaginous and bony fish?
The principal difference between bony fish and cartilaginous fish is in the skeleton makeup. As previously mentioned, bony fish have a bone skeleton whereas cartilaginous fish have a skeleton made of cartilage.
Which represents a cartilaginous fish?
Cartilaginous fishes (chondrichthyes) represent the oldest surviving jawed vertebrates and, as the name suggests, have a skeleton made out of cartilage. They include sharks, rays, and skates (elasmobranchii) and chimeras (holocephali).
Why air bladder is absent in cartilaginous fish?
Members of Class chondrichthyes are marine with streamlined body having cartilaginous endoskeleton. Due to the absence of air bladder, they have to swin constantly to avoid sinking. Air bladder is present in Osteicthyes which regulates buoyancy.
What are 3 examples of cartilaginous fish?
Cartilaginous fish include sharks, rays, skates and chimaeras.
Do we eat cartilaginous fish?
Sharks and Skates as Seafood? While smooth dogfish may not be on your list of favorite seafood, cartilaginous fish (mainly sharks and skates) may increasingly find their way onto your dinner plate due to the decline of more traditional fisheries.
What was the first cartilaginous fish?
The first Cartilaginous fishes evolved from Doliodus-like spiny shark ancestors. A Bayesian analysis of molecular data suggests that the Holocephali and Elasmoblanchii diverged in the Silurian (421 million years ago) and that the sharks and rays/skates split in the Carboniferous (306 million years ago).
What are the two classes of bony fish?
The bony fish are divided into two classes: ray-finned fish and lobe-finned fish. The bony fish are characterized by a lung or swim bladder, a cover over the gills, and bones covering the head and pectoral girdles.
What fish do not have bones?
Sharks don’t have bones.
They are a special type of fish known as “elasmobranch,” which translates into fish made of cartilaginous tissues – the clear gristly stuff that your ears and nose tip are made of. This category also includes rays, sawfish, and skates.
Is salmon a cartilaginous fish?
There actually two major groups of fishes: Cartilaginous Fishes (including sharks, skates, and rays), and Bony Fishes (like tuna, salmon, and carp).