Fish processing generally involves the following steps: Sorting fish by size and species. Loading fish into a machine to remove heads. Moving fish to a cleaning machine to remove tails, scales and entrails.
What is the meaning of fish processing?
The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer. … The products of the fish industry are usually sold to grocery chains or to intermediaries. Fish are highly perishable.
What is the importance of fish processing?
The fish processing industry is important in the attainment of self-sufficiency in fish. Fish processing prevents wastage and prolong the shell-life of highly perishable fish. It also increases the dollar reserve of the country through exportation.
What are the major fish processing techniques?
Traditional fish processors adopted open fire or simple smoking oven. Such as mud or halved cut drum oven. The different types of fish preservation techniques observed were salting/smoking, smoke drying, frying and sun drying. Most common of all these processing techniques was smoke drying.
What are the 5 kinds of processing fish?
There are several different ways of processing fish, mainly according to the kinds of fish.
- Sun-Dried Fish (Nsomba Zowuma) …
- Boil-Dried Fish (Nsomba Zofwafwaza) …
- Roast-Dried Fish (Nsomba Zoocha) …
- Smoked Fish (Nsomba Zowamba)
What are the types of fish processing?
The four basic procedures used in the final processing of fish products are heating, freezing, controlling water activity (by drying or adding chemicals), and irradiating. All these procedures increase the shelf life of the fish by inhibiting the mechanisms that promote spoilage and degradation.
What are the tools used in fish processing?
Tools and Equipment for Fish or Food Processing
- Pressure Cooker. Weighing Scales. Triple beam balance. Measuring spoons. Measuring cup.
- Thermometer. Glass tube thermometer. Salinometer. Psychrometer. Anemometer.
- Refractometer. Knives. Filleting knives.
- Scissors. Descalers or scalers. Oil drum. Earthen pots.
Why is fish processing called value added?
Value addition is the most talked about word in food–processing industry, particularly in export oriented fish processing industry because of the increased realisation of valuable foreign exchange. Value can be added to fish and fishery products according to the requirements of the different markets.
What is fish made of?
Many vegetarians eat fish, claiming that fish is not in the same category as meats like beef or pork (the term for this sect is Pescatarian). However, fish is clearly an animal, and their tasty fillets are made of animal protein, a.k.a. meat.
What is fish hygiene?
This might include such things as: coastal pollution; hygiene on board the fishing vessel, at the landing centre, and during transport, storage and marketing; … and contamination either by workers or the environment.
What is a fish farm called?
A fish farm is where fish are raised for food. This area of agriculture is known as aquaculture.
What are the characteristics of a fresh fish?
Fresh fish should have a mild scent and moist flesh, and appear freshly cut. Don’t purchase fish that has a strong, fishy odor. Whole fish should have bright, bulging eyes and bright red or pink gills. Frozen fish should meet the fresh-smell test and have taut packaging with no evidence of ice or blood.
Why do fish cooks very quickly even at low heat?
This is the connective tissue called “collagen,” a structural protein that holds together short, thick muscle fibers. In fish, muscle fibers are much shorter than they are in beef, and collagen dissolves easily during cooking. So fish cooks quickly and there’s no tenderizing to do.